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general kinds of cancer

Common Types of Cancers and Avenue Treatment

It is unfortunate that cancer has claimed many lives and continues to do the same in many parts of the world. The term cancer is a larger name used for a wide group of diseases that come about when abnormal body cells rapidly divide themselves to other organs of the body and the tissue. There are different kinds of cancers.

The kind of cancer will call for different kinds of treatment, such as the use of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery, and biopsies in a clinic using portable surgical lights. The kinds of cells and the area that is affected by cancer will determine the name given to that cancer. For instance, lung cancer is one that starts in the lungs and can spread even to the liver. There are many clinical terminologies used for some general kinds of cancer. They may include the following:

1) Carcinoma

This is the kind of cancer that starts in the skin as well as other tissues that line other body organs. This type of cancer can affect anyone; however, those who burn easily or are fair- skinned stand a higher risk of being affected by carcinoma. Annual skin examination is the only way to detect this type of cancer early, as it is at this stage when it is treatable. Taking care of and protecting your skin is the wisest way to prevent any form of skin cancer.

2) Sarcoma

his type of cancer affects connective tissues like blood vessels, bones, cartilage, and muscles. This is an uncommon group of cancers whose causes are not clear. However, matters such as family history, radiation, and exposure to chemicals are likely to increase one’s ability to get affected by sarcoma.

3) Leukemia

It’s a type of cancer that affects the blood-forming tissues of the body, making the body not to fight infections as it should. The lymphatic system and the bone marrow are the parts that get affected with leukemia. There are various types of leukemia affecting children and other forms affecting adults.

4) Lymphoma

This cancer type affects the body’s lymph system. The lymphatic system is the disease-fighting network of the body. These parts include the lymph nodes, bone marrow, thymus gland, and the spleen. Lymph nodes, weight loss, and fatigue are some of the symptoms related to lymphoma.

5) Myeloma

Blood cancer that arises from the plasma cells is called myeloma. Plasma cells are a kind of white blood cells found in the bone marrow. With myeloma, a group of plasma cells gets cancerous and then they multiply. It can destroy the immune system, red blood cell count, kidneys, and the bones.

Avenues of Healthcare That Are Available

Different types of cancer are handled and treated differently. Some of the methods include medications, surgery, radiation, and other therapies. These methods cure, shrink or halt the progression of cancer. With regards to the kind of cancer affecting a patient, one may receive one kind of treatment or a combination of many methods of treatment. Surgery involves the removal of cancer tissues to ensure no other tissues are left behind. Radiotherapy works by the use of radiations to destroy cancer cells so that they stop growing. Chemotherapy is where drugs are used to destroy or slow down the growth of cancerous cells.

Biopsies Used to Diagnose Cancer

A biopsy is a procedure done by removing a tissue or sample of cells from the body to be scrutinized in a laboratory. Bone marrow biopsy is advised when the doctor detects an abnormality in your blood or when the doctor suspects cancer in your bone marrow. In an endoscopic biopsy, the doctor uses a thin but flexible tube that has a light at the end to observe structures inside a patient’s body.

Another biopsy procedure is the needle biopsy whereby the doctor uses a unique needle to extract cells from an area that is suspected to be cancerous. For skin conditions, cells are removed from the surface of the body for further removal. Surgical biopsy is recommended when other biopsy procedures cannot be accessed. Generally, it is vital to maintain a healthy lifestyle and keep physically fit to reduce your chances of getting affected by cancer. Make healthy food choices by concentrating more on plant-based foods. Ensure to keep your weight on tabs by being physically active regularly.

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